Area:261,218 square miles. Population:47 million. Neighbouring countries:China, Laos, Thailand, Bangladesh and India. Environment:Myanmar’s terrain is dominated by a horseshoe of mountains and highlands surrounding central lowlands and the plains of the Irrawaddy River. The long coastline in the west provides many natural harbours. Most of Myanmar lies within the tropics. Life expectancy:55 years. Myanmar has a rampant AIDS problem. Capital:Yangon [Rangoon] (6 million). Other city:Mandalay (1 million). Urbanisation:28%. Ethnic groups:Burmese 58%; indigenous minorities (including Karen, Shan, Chin, Mon, Arakanese, Kachin and Rohingya) 33%; others (including Chinese, Indian, Nepali and Malay) 9%. Languages:Burmese (official); 106 other languages. Literacy:83%. Economy:Myanmar has considerable natural resources, particularly in energy...