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World Mission

Kurdistan

Basic info

The Kurds are theĀ largestĀ ethnic group in the world without a nation of their own with a population of around 35 to 40 million. For centuries they have lived in Central Asia and the Middle East in a ruggedly mountainous region historically known as "Kurdistan." While empires rose and fell around them, the Kurds generally remained isolated and autonomous in these mountains until the late 19th century when large groups of them began to settle in the nearby lowlands. Since then, the Kurds have struggled to assert their independence as they experience various degrees of assimilation into the majority populations of the urban centers around them.
  • Area:
  • Population: 20,000,000
  • Infant mortality:
  • Life expectancy:
  • Urbanisation:
  • Literacy:

History

A popular Kurdish proverb says, "The Kurds have no friends but the mountains." But why? Why have the Kurds been hated and oppressed for so long and by so many? The answer is most likely found in recent history. In 1916, European powers drew up the Sykes- Picot Agreement, which effectively partitioned the Kurds into Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran without any land of their own. Over the last 100 years, their proud resolve and struggle for independence has been met time and again with fierce brutality and oppression. When the Kurdish people have fought for self-determination, the ruling powers around them have often forced them back into the Zagros mountains, their sole refuge in times of trouble.

Environment

Economy

Ethnic groups

Ethnic Groups(%)

Kurds

18

Religion

Religion(%)

Sunni Muslim

98

Shiite Muslim

2

Languages