Andrew Fuller was an English Particular Baptist minister and theologian. Known as a promoter of missionary work, he also took part in theological controversy.
Fuller was born in Wicken, Cambridgeshire, and settled at Kettering, Northamptonshire. During his life, Fuller pastored two congregations — Soham (1775–1782) and Kettering (1782–1815), which is now the Fuller Baptist Church, He died on 7 May 1815 at Kettering.
Baptist Missionary Society
Fuller is best known in connection with the foundation of the Baptist Missionary Society, to which he for the most part devoted his energies. His work in promoting the missionary enterprises of the Baptist church began about 1784. A sermon published by him then, The Nature and Importance of Walking by Faith, with an appendix A Few Persuasives to a General Union in Prayer for the Revival of Religion, indirectly stimulated the movement. The Baptist Missionary Society (initially “Particular Baptist Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Heathen”) was formed at Kettering in 1792. William Carey, impressed by Fuller’s work The Gospel Worthy of all Acceptation, became the first missionary. Fuller took on the work at home.
Fuller, a Particular Baptist, was a controversialist in defence of the governmental theory of the atonement against hyper-Calvinism on the one hand and Socinianism and Sandemanianism on the other. Abraham Booth accused him of giving up true Calvinism. Fuller debated theology with the General Baptist Dan Taylor, but they remained on good terms.
According to Christianity Today, “‘Tall, stout and muscular, a famous wrestler in his youth,’ this self-taught farmer’s son became a champion for Christ, ‘the most creatively useful theologian’ of the Particular Baptists. His book The Gospel Worthy of All Acceptation, 1785, restated Calvinist theology for Baptists influenced by the Evangelical Revival. His Doctorate of Divinity was bestowed by Brown University, Rhode Island.”
- Born: 06 February 1754, Wicken, Cambridgeshire
- Died: 07 May 1815, Kettering
- Family: Married to Sarah and had 11 children and married Anne some years later.