Richard Baxter was an English Puritan church leader, poet, hymnodist, theologian, and controversialist.
Dean Stanley called him “the chief of English Protestant Schoolmen”. He made his reputation by his ministry at Kidderminster, and at around the same time began a long and prolific career as a theological writer. After the Restoration he refused preferment, while retaining a non-separatist Presbyterian approach, and he became one of the most influential leaders of the Nonconformists, spending time in prison. His views on justification and sanctification are somewhat controversial and unconventional within the Calvinist tradition because his teachings seem, to some, to undermine salvation by faith, in that he emphasizes the necessity of repentance and faithfulness.
- Born: 12 November 1615, Rowton, Shropshire
- Died: 08 December 1691, London
- Family: Married to Margaret
- Notable Works: The Reformed Pastor. The Saints' Everlasting Rest