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Francis Schaeffer (1912–1984)

This timeline is under construction. Francis Schaeffer was an American evangelical theologian and philosopher who expounded presuppositional apologetics and founded the L’Abri community in Switzerland.

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David Livingstone (1813–1873)

David Livingstone was a Scottish missionary, explorer, and physician who led expeditions throughout the African continent to make geographical discoveries and evangelise unreached tribes. Strong-willed and individualistic, he did not work well with other missionaries and explorers, and in his late life he regretted having spent so little time with his wife and six children. But his exploration opened up Africa to mission and commerce with the rest of the world, and he spoke out consistently against the slave trade.

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David Brainerd (1718–1747)

David Brainerd was an American missionary to Native Americans and an inspiration to later missionaries across the globe despite his tragically short life.

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Charles Thomas Studd (1860–1931)

Charles Thomas Studd was a famous cricketer who became a missionary to China, India, and Africa.

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Billy Graham (1918–2018)

Billy Graham was a world-renowned American evangelist and a prominent figure in the evangelical church in the 20th century. He led evangelistic ‘Crusades’, reaching more than 2 billion people with the gospel during his lifetime.

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Augustine of Hippo (354–430)

Augustine of Hippo, an early church father, was bishop of the North African city of Hippo and known as perhaps the greatest theologian of the church. His sermons and writings have been instrumental in shaping both Catholic and Protestant theology, particularly the doctrines of grace of the Reformation such as original sin and predestination. His famous autobiographical Confessions is still widely read and studied today.

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Arthur W. Pink (1886–1952)

Arthur Walkington Pink was an influential Calvinist author in the early 20th century.

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Andrew Fuller (1754–1815)

Andrew Fuller was an English Particular Baptist minister and theologian involved in the founding of the Baptist Missionary Society.

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Andrew Bonar (1810–1892)

Very Revd Dr Andrew Alexander Bonar DD was a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, a contemporary and acquaintance of Robert Murray M’cheyne and youngest brother of Horatius Bonar.

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Amy Carmichael (1867–1951)

Amy Beatrice Carmichael was a Protestant Christian missionary in India, who opened an orphanage and founded a mission in Dohnavur. She served in India for 55 years without furlough and wrote many books about the missionary work there.

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Abraham Kuyper (1837–1920)

Abraham Kuyper was Prime Minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905, an influential neo-Calvinist theologian, and a journalist. He established the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands. He also founded a newspaper, the Free University of Amsterdam, and the Anti-Revolutionary Party.

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C. S. Lewis (1898–1963)

Clive Staples (‘Jack’) Lewis was an influential Christian thinker and author in the 20th century whose more than 30 books have been widely translated and sold millions of copies around the world. Most famous are his Chronicles of Narnia, a series of children’s fantasy stories syncretising Christian allegories and ancient mythologies.

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John Wycliffe (c.1324–1384)

Known as the ‘Morning Star of the Reformation’, John Wycliffe was an English theologian, reformer, Bible translator and leader of the Lollard movement.

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John Owen (1616–1683)

The ‘English Calvin’ and ‘Prince of Puritans’, Owen was a prolific writer and gifted theologian. He sided with Parliament during the English Civil War, often preaching to MPs. He was chaplain to Oliver Cromwell.

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Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758)

Edwards was an American revivalist preacher, philosopher and Congregationalist theologian. He is regarded as one of America’s most important and original philosophical theologians. Edwards was rooted in Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, and the Puritan heritage. Edwards played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening.

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John Wesley (1703–1791)

Wesley founded Methodism, a revival movement within the Church of England. He famously spoke of his heart being ‘strangely warmed’ following his conversion in 1738. He travelled the length and breadth of Britain in an itinerant ministry, often preaching outdoors.

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George Whitefield (1714–1770)

Whitefield was an Anglican cleric and itinerant evangelist. He was one of the founders of Methodism and a leading figure during the Great Awakening. Preaching over 18,000 times during his life, Whitefield could enthral listeners by his rhetorical gifts.

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John Calvin (1509–1564)

Calvin was a French theologian, pastor and reformer during the Protestant Reformation. His theology was built on the sovereignty of God in predestining all things.

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Charles Haddon Spurgeon (1834–1892)

The 'Prince of Preachers' and leading figure in Reformed Baptist history. In London, he pastored New Park Street Chapel (later the Metropolitan Tabernacle) for 38 years.

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Cornelius Van Til (1895–1987)

Cornelius Van Til was born in Grootegast, the Netherlands, and emigrated with his family to America in 1905. He attended Calvin College and Calvin Seminary before completing his studies at Princeton Theological Seminary and Princeton University with Th. M. And Ph. D. Degrees.

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Apologetics

Key moments and figures from the history of defending Christian belief.

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Main Timeline

This is the main timeline.

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Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones (1899–1981)

Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones was a distinguished Welsh evangelist, pastor, and theologian.

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History of Evangelical Times

The original aims of the newspaper were:  News – Spreading news between churches – can we pray intelligently for one another?  A Voice – To promote evangelical unity – not part of the wider ecumenical movement.  An encouragement –good evangelical reading-  strengthen those faithful to scripture – spiritual nourishment – at a level all can enjoy.  To stand against worldliness and doctrinal decline.  Mission – encourage support for missionary endeavour.

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The Reformation

This timeline uses text and images from the excellent Reformation Timeline Poster produced by Martha Mohon for the Trinitarian Bible Society available for purchase here. Martha has written a description of the timeline here.

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Martin Luther (1483–1546)

Martin Luther was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.

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