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All articles from issue June 2021

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Archbishop Augustine of Canterbury

Augustine, prior of the Abbey of St Andrew’s in Rome, was appointed in 595 by pope Gregory the Great to head up a mission to the Anglo-Saxons of Britain. After the mission landed in 597, the regional king Æthelberht was converted to Christianity and subsequently many of his people. Augustine established the see of…

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William Tyndale

William Tyndale, born around 1494 in Lollard Gloucestershire, translated the Bible into English during the Reformation and was martyred for it. He studied at Oxford and Cambridge as a young man, where he became an expert linguist and earnestly reformed. In 1523 he went to London to ask for Bishop Cuthbert Tunstall’s help with…

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Alfred the Great

Born in 849 the fifth son of Æthelwulf, king of Wessex, Alfred became king in 871 following the reigns of three of his brothers. From a young age he was given to learning and showed sensitivity to religion. After his accession to kingship, he led the Saxons in victory against invading Danish Vikings and…

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Philip Melanchthon

Philip Melanchthon (the Greek version of his German surname Schwartzerdt) was a German Protestant Reformer, expert in biblical Greek, colleague of Martin Luther, and the first systematic theologian of the Reformation. After receiving a classical education at an early age, he was invited to Wittenberg by Luther to become professor of Greek. He was…

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Huldrych Zwingli

Huldrych Zwingli was the early leader of the Swiss Reformation. Born in 1484 to a farming family, he received education in Vienna and then Basel before taking up the priesthood in Zürich. Over the course of his studies of the biblical languages and Erasmus’s writings, and then throughout his ministry in Zürich, his own…

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Erasmus: The Greek New Testament

Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam was a Dutch Catholic scholar who, though at odds with Protestants, also had an eye to church reform and return to New Testament purity. In 1516, after years of study, collation, and translation, he published the first Greek New Testament, Novum Instrumentum omne. It was published under five editions up…

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Johann Reuchlin: Hebrew grammar

Johann Reuchlin was a German Catholic linguistic scholar and great-uncle of Protestant Reformer Phillip Melanchthon. He studied Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, publishing in 1506 De Rudimentis Hebraicis, a Hebrew grammar and lexicon. This text was used by European Bible translators to help them provide direct and faithful translations of the original language of the Old…

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Martin Luther

Martin Luther, German monk, priest, professor, and Protestant Reformer, was born on 10 November 1483 to Hans and Margaret Luther. During his studies to become a lawyer, Luther had a near-death experience in a lightning storm, and fearing judgment, committed himself to religion and entered an Augustinian monastery. There he took up an extremely…

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