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All articles from issue March 2021

Event

Death

In May 1873, David Livingstone’s servants found him dead, kneeling at his bed as if in prayer, in Chitambo, Zambia. After his viscera were removed and buried in Africa, his body was transported to the coast and from there to England where it was buried in Westminster Abbey on 18 April 1874.

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Event

‘Dr Livingstone, I presume?’

Among the search parties that had been sent for him over the years, a Welsh-American journalist named Henry Stanley was pursuing the story. Livingstone was ill and had been forced to retreat south into Tanzania, and it was here in 1871 that Stanley found Livingstone and greeted him with his now-famous question. Stanley’s provisions…

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Final expedition

In 1866, Livingstone returned to Africa to continue mapping waterways, searching for the continental watershed and the source of the Nile. Setting off from Zanzibar, Livingstone travelled further north and west than any European had done before, reaching the village of Nyangwe in the Congo. During the journey he faced many difficulties and desertions…

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Second return to Britain

Livingstone returned to Britain in 1864 to less celebrity than he had enjoyed the first time, due to the general failure of his second Zambezi expedition. But he published another book, A Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi, in part to defend his reputation against criticism he received over tensions, deaths, and failures among…

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Wife’s death

In 1862, Livingstone’s wife Mary joined him at Lake Malawi, and shortly afterwards died of malaria at Shupanga, Mozambique.

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Second Zambezi expedition

Livingstone set sail in March 1858 for Africa to lead a team of six Europeans to evaluate the potential for British trade on the Zambezi river. Their investigation soon revealed the impassability of the Cabora Bassa rapids, and Livingstone had to explore other rivers. His expedition lasted five years until it was recalled in…

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Event

Return to Britain

Livingstone returned to Britain in 1856 to newfound fame as an explorer. He was presented with a medal by the Royal Geographical Society; published an account of his expedition, Missionary Travels; received honorary degrees from Oxford and Glasgow; became a British consul; and travelled Britain to deliver addresses about his work. Though during this…

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Event

Victoria Falls

On his way along the Zambezi river, Livingstone became the first European in 1855 to see the Mosi-oa-Tunya, which he renamed Victoria Falls.

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