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Timeline Event

A new denomination

1886 - 1892

Kuyper and the consistory of Amsterdam insisted, contrary to the practice of the Dutch Reformed Church at the time, that its members and office bearers should subscribe to the Reformed confessions. For this, Kuyper and about 80 members of the consistory were suspended by the Classis in 1885. Refusing to accept his suspension, Kuyper led an exodus from the Dutch Reformed Church in 1886, his followers calling themselves ‘Doleantie’, the Grieving. The group grew quickly, with over 200 congregations by the year 1889. In the early 1890s Kuyper sought union with churches which had formerly left the Dutch Reformed Church, forming the Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland (Reformed Churches in the Netherlands) in 1892.

Key people


Abraham Kuyper

Abraham Kuyper was Prime Minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905, an influential neo-Calvinist theologian, and a journalist. He established the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, which upon its foundation became the second largest Reformed denomination in the country behind the state-supported Dutch Reformed Church. He also founded a newspaper, the Free University…

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