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Ambrose of Milan

339 - 397

Ambrose, born around 339 to a Roman Christian family near modern-day Belgium, was a governor in Milan when he was appointed bishop of the church there. As bishop, he defended the Nicene faith against the Arians, practiced asceticism, and wrote dogmatic and exegetical treatises that remained important to the church. He was bishop in Milan when Augustine came to faith there, and is likely to have baptised Augustine. To him is also attributed Western hymnody: his contributions to church music developed into later Gregorian chant and laid the groundwork for hymnodists through the centuries.