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Anselm of Canterbury

1033 - 1109

Anselm of Canterbury was an Italian Benedictine monk, abbot, philosopher and theologian. He held the office of archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. Anselm composed dialogues and treatises with a rational and philosophical approach, sometimes causing him to be credited as the founder of Scholasticism. Despite his lack of recognition in this field in his own time, Anselm is now famed as the originator of the ontological argument for the existence of God and of the satisfaction theory of atonement.