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Fall of Constantinople

1453

The Ottoman empire besieged the capital of the Byzantine empire on 6 April 1453, and after 53 days, the city fell to the Turks and the Byzantine empire came to its end. The fall of Constantinople was considered not only the end of the Byzantine empire, but the end of the Medieval period and a turning point in military history. Following the event, waves of emigration brought a revival of Greek and Roman studies to the West, culminating in the Renaissance. The scholars who fled from Constantinople to Italy also brought early manuscripts of the New Testament and the Church Fathers, and thus preserved much of ancient civilisation.

p46 is the earliest (nearly) complete manuscript of the Epistles written by Paul in the new testament.

p46 is the earliest (nearly) complete manuscript of the Epistles written by Paul in the new testament.
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p52 is the oldest known manuscript fragment of the New Testament, containing a portion of the Gospel of John

p52 is the oldest known manuscript fragment of the New Testament, containing a portion of the Gospel of John, possibly as early as 90AD
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