Seven reasons why Christ died

Seven reasons why Christ died
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John Piper John Piper is founder and teacher of and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. For 33 years, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is
01 June, 2005 6 min read

‘God’s purposes for the world in the death of Jesus are unfathomable’. Thus writes John Piper in his latest book, The Passion of Jesus Christ: fifty reasons why he came to die.

He adds, ‘Infinitely more important than who killed Jesus is the question, “What did God achieve for sinners like us in sending his Son to die?” How vital it is that we grasp – and share – the sovereign designed purposes behind the Passion of Jesus Christ. Here are seven of them.

To achieve his own resurrection from the dead

The death of Christ did not merely precede his resurrection – it was the price that obtained it. The Bible says he was raised not just afterthe blood-shedding but byit. The wrath of God was satisfied with the suffering and death of Jesus.

The holy curse against sin was fully absorbed. The price of forgiveness was totally paid. The righteousness of God was completely vindicated. All that was left to accomplish was the public declaration of God’s endorsement. This he gave by raising Jesus from the dead.

When the Bible says, ‘If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins’ (1 Corinthians 15:17), the point is not that the resurrection is the price paid for our sins, but rather that the resurrection provesthat the death of Jesus is an all-sufficient price.

To show his own love for us

The death of Christ is not only the demonstration of God’slove (John 3:16), it is also the supreme expression of Christ’s ownlove for all who receive it as their treasure. The sufferings and death of Christ have to do with me personally.

It is mysin that cuts me off from God, not sin in general. I am lost and perishing; all I can do is plead for mercy. Then I see Christ suffering and dying. For whom? Ephesians 5:25 says, ‘Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her’.

And John 15:13 declares, ‘Greater love has no one than this, that someone lays down his life for his friends’, while Matthew 20:28 says, ‘The Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many’.

And I ask, am I among the ‘many’? Can I be one of his ‘friends’? May I belong to the ‘church’? And I hear the answer, ‘To all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God’ (John 1:12).

My heart is swayed, and I embrace the beauty and bounty of Christ as my treasure. And there flows into my heart this great reality – the love of Christ for me.

What a folly to think that our good deeds may one day outweigh our bad deeds! First, it is not true. Even our good deeds are defective, because we don’t honour God in the way we do them. ‘Whatever does not proceed from faith is sin’. Without Christ-exalting faith, our deeds will signify nothing but rebellion.

Second, this is simply not the way God saves us. If we are saved from the consequences of our bad deeds, it will not be because they weighed less than our good deeds. There is no salvation by balancing records.

There is only salvation by cancellingrecords. The record of our bad deeds (including our defective good deeds) – along with the just penalties that each deserves – must be blotted out, not balanced.

This is what Christ suffered and died to accomplish (Colossians 2:13). He endured my damnation. He is my only hope. And faith in him is my only way to God.

To justify sinners

Christ died to provide the basis for our justification and to complete the obedience that becomes our righteousness.

To be justified (as in a courtroom) is not the same as being forgiven. Being forgiven implies that I am guilty but that my crime is overlooked. Being justified implies that I have been tried and found innocent. The verdict of justification does not makea person just. It declaresa person just. It is a verdict – righteous!

But because we have broken the law, justification in ordinary terms is out of the question.

Yet, amazingly, because of Christ, the Bible says God ‘justifies the ungodly’ who trust in his grace (Romans 4:5). Christ shed his blood to cancel the guilt of our crime: ‘We have now been justified by his blood’ (Romans 5:9).

But more than that – Christ also imputes his righteousness to me. I stand before God ‘not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ’ (Philippians 3:9).

Christ fulfilled all righteousness perfectly and his righteousness was reckoned to be mine when I trusted in him. Christ’s death became the basis for our pardon andour perfection.

To obtain for us all that is good

‘He who did not spare his own Son but gave him up for us all, how will he not also with him graciously give us all things?’ (Romans 8:32). I love the logic of this verse.

The two halves of Romans 8:32 have a stupendously important logical connection. If God did the hardest thing of all – giving up his own Son to suffering and death – then it is certain that he will do the easier thing – giving us ‘all things’ with him. God’s commitment to give us all things is as sure as the sacrifice of his Son.

But what are ‘all things’? All things that are good for us! All things we need in order to be conformed to the image of his Son (Romans 8:29) – to attain everlasting joy. Paul declares, ‘I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need.I can do all thingsthrough him who strengthens me’ (Philippians 4:12-13, emphasis added).

Notice that ‘all things’ includes handling ‘hunger’ and ‘need’. God will meet every real need, including the ability to rejoice in suffering when many feltneeds go unmet. The suffering and death of Christ guarantee that God will give us all things that we need to do his will, give him glory, and attain everlasting joy.

To bring us to God

What is the ultimate good? God himself. Salvation is not good news if it only saves fromhell and not forGod. Forgiveness is not good news if it doesn’t open the way to God. Justification is not good news if it makes us legally acceptable to God but doesn’t bring fellowship with God. Adoption is not good news if it puts us in the Father’s family but not in his arms.

It doesn’t take a new heart to want the psychological relief of forgiveness, or the removal of God’s wrath, or the inheritance of God’s world. The evidence we have been changed is that we want these things because they bring us to the enjoyment of God.

This is the greatest thing Christ died for: ‘Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God’ (1 Peter 3:18). We experience full and lasting happiness as we see and savour the glory of God.

To give us eternal life

People seldom want to die. We desire death only when our suffering seems unbearable. What we really want at such times is not death, but relief. We want good times to return – the pain to go away.

We would like to have our loved one back from the grave. The longing of the human heart is to live and be happy. God made us that way: ‘He has put eternity into man’s heart’ (Ecclesiastes 3:11).

We are created in God’s image, and God loves life and lives for ever. We were made to live for ever. And we will. The opposite of eternal life is not annihilation. It is hell. Jesus spoke of it more than anyone – rejecting the eternal life he offered would result not in obliteration but in the misery of God’s wrath: ‘Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him’ (John 3:36). And, Jesus adds, ‘These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life’ (Matthew 25:46).

All that is good – all that will bring true and lasting happiness – will be preserved and purified and intensified. We will be capable of dimensions of happiness inconceivable to us in this life.

‘What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man imagined … God has prepared for those who love him’ (1 Corinthians 2:9). For this Christ suffered and died. Why would we not embrace him as our treasure, and live?


John Piper is founder and teacher of and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. For 33 years, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is
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