What is our theology?

What is our theology?
Sinclair Ferguson
Sinclair Ferguson Sinclair Buchanan Ferguson is a retired minister and author of several books. He serves as a Teaching Fellow with Ligonier Ministries and continues to preach God’s Word in churches and at conferences.
03 March, 2022 6 min read

Several important convictions drive Tabletalk magazine just as they have driven the entire history of Ligonier’s ministry. One of these convictions was expressed some five hundred years ago by Martin Luther – who else? All are theologians; that means every Christian. All are said to be theologians, so that all may be Christians. But what is theology? And, in particular, what is our theology?


Theology is God-talk (in the best and highest sense) – thinking and speaking about God in a coherent, logical way. And for the Christian believer, that means a theology rooted in and expressive of the revelation God has given.

There is therefore a right sense in which we are called to have a ‘theology of everything’ because in one way or another the entire cosmos – the unfolding of history, the discoveries we make – are all part and parcel of the unfolding of God’s self-revelation in creation, providence, redemption, and consummation.

As Abraham Kuyper noted, nothing in the cosmos is atheistic in the absolute sense. Or to cite a higher authority, ‘From him and through him and to him are all things’ (Romans 11:36).

This is why omnes sumus theologi – all are theologians – whether we are nuclear physicists, astronauts, literature-lovers, gardeners, trash collectors, or even for that matter ‘theologians’.

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